As the AIS-140 standard has come into being, public transportation in India is surely going to experience a gigantic reform. This standard stipulates that every public transport or commercial vehicle in India must be embedded with a vehicle tracking system, along with security cameras and a panic SOS button within.
Apart from that, here are certain features that the GPS device must have in order to fully comply with the AIS-140 standard:
- The device must be able to obtain information about the real-time location with the help of the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). Along with that, it must contain support for the Indian satellite based augmentation system, GAGAN.
- The device must support 4 digital, 2 analogue and 1 serial communication in order to interface with external systems such as an SOS button.
- The device must contain an internal battery, and it should come with a power back up of a minimum of 4 hours.
- The device must be capable of sending data to minimum 2 separate IP addresses. One IP address should receive data for regulatory purposes (PVT data), and the second should receive emergency requests exclusively.
- With the help of a GSM or GPRS network, the device must be capable of transmission of PVT data: position, velocity and time to the State Road Transport Undertakings’ servers.
- Once the emergency SOS button is pressed, the device should trigger an alarm that is sent to the IP address that is configured.
- The device must have customisation to manage the transmission frequency of data, from a minimum of 5 seconds, going up to a maximum of 10 minutes.
- The device must work with the help of an embedded SIM or an e-SIM, which should be present within the device itself.
- The GPRS module of the device must contain a multi-slot GPRS, along with in-built quad-band GPRS module.
- The device must contain an internal antenna. This feature, however, is not necessarily mandatory.
- The device must be able to support the Over the Air (OTA) firmware, along with the configuration updates.
- The device must be dust proof, temperature and vibration regulatory and water and splash resistant, along with being tamper proof.
- In the event of no reception, all the alerts must be stored in the device itself. The information will then be sent immediately on a priority as soon as the device comes under network.
- The device must have a unique IMEI number, and must be able to support Assisted GPS (A-GPS).
- The device must contain a three-axis accelerometer, along with a three-axis gyroscope. This will help in getting harsh braking, over speeding and rash driving alerts.
- The device must be able to operate between 8 VDC and 32 VDC with the help of the vehicle’s battery input voltage, ranging 12/24 volts.
These are the key features mandated by the Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI) for a device to be in conformation with the AIS-140 standard.